Broadway To Vegas
SHOW REVIEWS CELEBRITY INTERVIEWS GOSSIP NEWS
SIEGFRIED AND ROY HAVE AN HEIR - -
DEPRESSED LAWYERS - - NAUGHTY BIG
BAND LEADERS - -
SHERMAN HEMSLEY DOES DAISY - -
WYATT EARP ON STAGE - - GAS PUMPING TONY CURTIS - -
ALAN KING RETURNS TO VEGAS - - MAGICAL MUHAMMAD ALI - - CHRISTINE EBERSOLE LEAVES 42nd ST . . . Scroll Down
THE BEST TRICK - MAKING
Backed by deep pockets, fueled by determination, Siegfried and Roy may have
presented their finest illusion - creating an image that there is an enormous, untapped goldmine of
customers clamoring for high quality matinee shows in Las Vegas.
Spring boarding that concept into reality is their anointed heir - Darren Romeo.
master illusionists have set the wheels moving to accomplish what no other entertainer has ever
achieved - creating a new dimension in Las Vegas entertainment, which could revolutionize
marketing strategy and
booking practices. Sinatra established a Vegas image within an existing booking concept. So did
Presley and Liberace. Evening quality entertainment presented in the afternoon is a new
Over the years Vegas has offered mid-day entertainment. While some of the burlesque/comedy
type shows developed a cult status, most of the presentations have been token, low budget
efforts. None caused the resort industry to reevaluate marketing concepts or consider booking top
drawer entertainers in an afternoon gig. Siegfried & Roy presenting Darren Romeo is being
Siegfried and Roy who is at the podium,
Darren Romeo during the elegant post opening dessert reception. Photo By: Laura Deni
While it may not have been their original intent, S&R kick starting the mid-day ticket
buyer could turn into a feasibility analyzation of shear genius.
Lynch-pin in the S&R marketing configuration is Romeo, the youngest performer to ever
star in the off-Broadway smash The
Fantasticks. He's a singer/magician who belts out mostly well known Broadway songs while
S&R turned the Romeo show into a work of art, fitting an evening performance. The draw
hindrance is that
Romeo is an unknown. Undaunted, S&R put together a top notch production and then placed it in
an afternoon time slot in their Siegfried & Roy theatre at the Mirage Hotel.
The market is there for the plucking.
Darren Romeo Photo By: Laura Deni
There are only so many things to occupy a Sin City tourist.
Many visitors don't consider it a trip high point to throw up while riding a roller coaster.
It's not a lot of fun to walk from casino to casino in 120 degree summer heat.
In much the same way New York theatres are flooded with people coming in for Wednesday and
Saturday matinees, a Las Vegas afternoon show permits bus tour day trippers from California,
Arizona and Utah to come to Vegas, have lunch, gamble, tour the city, see the Darren Romeo
show and return home before
The average two-to-three day tourist frequently has idle afternoon hours -
they've already exceeded the UV dose at the pool, been to the spa, the malls and a high class
afternoon production fills a void. Traditionally, gamblers prefer
risking their money during evening hours. If forced to pick gambling over a seeing a show, many
opt for the casino. Now, they can have both.
While building an audience will take time, the marketing possibilities are endless.
Las Vegas residents, topping over one million, have a higher than norm age - most of whom
have discretionary income, enjoy entertainment, but prefer not to drive long distances at
The $30 price, which includes one drink, is steeper than the usual afternoon fare. S&R are
betting that customers will feel they got a bargain and blab to friends that they have to
see this show.
Muhammad Ali, who enjoys magic, saw the show last Friday afternoon and afterwards went
Assuming Romeo doesn't turn arrogant or the ticket price skyrockets, word of
mouth will eventually elevate his career to high profit status. He'll be ready to take over a
magical superstar slot when S&R - who are almost
eligible for Social Security benefits - eventually decide they can't stomach the thought of putting
on spandex and jumping on that elephant one more time.
So, what is a Darren Romeo?
Siegfried and Roy with Romeo saluting
Years ago he developed a concept no other magician was using - the singing of known Broadway
musical numbers to tell the story of the trick he is executing.
There are tributes to The Fantasticks, Phantom of the Opera, Aspects of Love, Barnum,
his hero Bobby Darin, for whom he was named, and Andrew
Lloyd Webber offered some thoughts.
The concept works.
Serendipity also played a role. Romeo had a small low budget afternoon musical/magic show at
the Flamingo Hotel in 1999. The so-so offering ran out the contract and then was dropped by
the hotel, making it possible for S&R to take charge. At first the duo thought about mounting it
as an evening show, then opted for the afternoon.
Vegas is over run with magicians. We've all seen variations on the same ten illusions executed
umpteen different ways. There are saturation points - more magicians will cause
audiences to disappear.
Another evening show with an unknown magician wouldn't have worked. As a big budget, high
class afternoon production - it will be ground breaking.
In an era of gimmicks, where most wizards would be out of work without a lighting designer,
smoke and mirrors, Romeo had a trick handed to him by the estate of Harry Blackstone, Jr.,
whose family was present both during rehearsals and on opening night.
It's the floating light bulb trick and is the only illusion performed without singing.
Romeo gives Blackstone his due, mentioning that the trick was invented before the high tech era.
At 26, Romeo has caught lightening in a bottle. There isn't anybody who wouldn't love to be
tapped on the shoulder and told there would be unlimited promotion, financial backing and top
assistance to make the person succeed.
That kind of support breeds detractors. For those who say that if they had all the money in
the world they could succeed, too - take note. What Romeo had before he ever met S&R was a
unique concept - Broadway tunes and magic tricks - and the ability to deliver both. A CD is in
the works. S&R were
just smart enough to recognize a rough gem when they saw one.
Broadway To Vegas is supported through advertising and donations. Priority consideration is given to interview suggestions, news,
press releases, etc from paid supporters. However, no paid supporters control, alter, edit, or in any way manipulate
the content of this site. Your donation is appreciated.
We accept PAYPAL.
Thank you for your interest.
DANCING AT THE STARDUST
When you're too old for a mosh pit and too young for a walker, what is a person to do?
The Stardust Resort in Las Vegas thinks they have the answer. Big band dancing - but not with
any old big band. While clubs in Los Angeles, San Francisco, Dallas, Chicago, Cleveland and New York, have had packed dance
floors filled with young people twirling and jumping to the big band music dressed in vintage clothing of
the 1930s, 40s and 50s, the Stardust is the only hotel in the world to offer regularly scheduled dances
featuring superstar Big Bands.
First to hit the downbeat was Les Brown. "Les was alive then and his was the first
band," reported hotel vice president Jim Seagrave, who helped develop the concept in 1996.
"Myself and some others at the hotel, who liked the music, thought there might be a market for it
and we didn't see anybody else doing it," he told Broadway To Vegas.
Big band dance concerts are held throughout the year in the Stardust Ballroom. The popular
series has featured the orchestras of Ray Anthony, Les Brown, Glenn Miler, Russ Morgan,
Tommy Dorsey, Jimmy Dorsey, Nelson Riddle, Guy Lombardo, Benny Goodman and Woody
Herman. The Billy May orchestra, under the direction of Andy Prior, performs this coming
Billy May. His orchestra performs Saturday
May composed the theme to the detective series, Naked City, and wrote the scores for
films Johnny Cool, Tony Rome, and Sergeants Three. He penned the theme songs
for the TV series The Mod Squad and Emergency. He did the Frank Sinatra
Come Fly With Me album and arranged and conducted the first album of Sinatra's
The Stardust knew their Big Band series was a success when people packed the place and the
telephone started ringing. Bands from across the country called wanting a contract.
"Once we got established we had a lot of calls. Most big bands only work cruises and special
events. We're the only hotel in the world that has big bands on a regular basis. We only book
name bands," emphasized Seagrave.
The Stardust has received calls from the Horace Heidt Orchestra now led by Horace Heidt, Jr.
and the Les Elgart Orchestra. Seagrave indicated he hopes a deal can be struck with
"We'd love to have a Peter Duchin or an Artie Shaw, but they work mainly on the East Coast,"
related Seagrave. "We finally had the Tommy Dorsey Orchestra when they had a couple other
engagements on this coast and we able to work them in."
"These are bands with books
of really good arrangements that they have inherited," he stressed.
The demographics of those putting on their dancing shoes are
50 percent tourists, staying at a variety of strip properties. "Many of the tourists have told us
they'd rather come to one of our Big Band Dances than see a major headliner," reported
Seagrave. The other 50 percent are locals "which have turned into a loyal following, attending
With the resurgence of swing music by artists like The Cherry Poppin' Daddies - The Brian Setzer
Orchestra - Big Bad Voodoo Daddy, there's been an interesting convergence of musical styles --
jazz moving a little more mainstream, a resurgence of swing, and a generally raised visibility of the
use of American popular standards in film and TV.
That translates to a desirable customer mix.
The Stardust Big Band crowd were raised on rock, not big band. Think about it. Big
bands were at their peak in the 30s and early 40s. The person who was 19 in 1938 would be 83
today. While the attendees are mostly an over 40 crowd there is
an increasing number of younger toe
tappers who like to dance and appreciate good music. "Dancing is the big draw and those
arrangements," repeated Seagrave.
"They are well groomed, really nicely - elegantly - dressed. It's a well behaved crowd that
enjoys band music and dancing."
The ballroom can hold 1,000 with an average attendance of about 500-700 making the events
slightly above the break even point.
The hotel has a $15 per person admission charge.
The group that holds the attendance record is the Glenn Miller band, whose annual
Glenn Miller Festival takes place June 13-16, in Miller's birthplace of Clarinda, Iowa.
In addition to tripping the light fantastic, the Stardust Big Band couples tend to "make an
evening of it - having dinner and gambling," said Seagrave.
The hotel only books and average of 6-8 big band events a year because they are held in the
ballroom "where the bookings need to work around planned conventions and trade shows," Seagrave related.
Signing big bands is a booking agent's dream.
"They are easy to get along with - easy to
deal with," said Seagrave reporting no unusual or difficult contract riders.
"They are just happy to be playing Las Vegas."
Generally a big band needs the Stardust Hotel to provide 8-10 hotel rooms. "They don't need
dressing rooms because they are staying in the hotel. They come down already in their tuxedos or
the singers in their gowns.We do have sort of a green room set up for them backstage. Many of
the bands augment by hiring players who live in Las Vegas."
As for the orchestra leaders - they were as colorful as the rock stars of today. Billy May, who is
85 and no longer travels with the band, was by most accounts, not just a drinker - but a primo guzzler. One member who worked with him told the
press that May was "the only man I ever knew who could conduct a full orchestra and chorus while he
was stone drunk." Others recall May giving a studio band the downbeat by chugging a fifth of
vodka or sticking his finger up his nose and then pulling it out with a flourish.
ACTORS FUND SHOW The
final performance of Arthur Miller's The Crucible starring Tony nominees Laura Linney and
Liam Neeson - Special Actors' Fund Performance tonight, June 9th, at The
Virginia Theatre, NYC.
INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY on June 10 will honor Florence
Klotz, winner of six Tony Awards for best costume design, with their 2002 Patricia Zipprodt Award. Hal
Prince will present, in an evening where Cy Coleman, Christine Andreas, Marian Seldes, Angela Lansbury,
Joy Abbot and Lee Roy Reams celebrate her accomplishments.
ALBERT SCHWEITZER LEADERSHIP AWARDS pay tribute to outstanding individuals whose philanthropic endeavors and business leadership provide
inspiration and motivation to our youth. Honored at the Regent Beverly Wilshire in Los Angeles on June 12
will be William F. Austin Founder, Chairman and CEO Starkey Laboratories, Inc. honored with the Schweitzer Leadership Award; Arnold Shapiro,
Award-Winning Television Producer receiving the Leadership in Media Award; Christopher J.
McCarty, Director, Marketing & Public Relations, HM Health Services honored with the Volunteer of the Year Award. Sharon L. Allen
Managing Partner Pacific Southwest Deloitte and Touche and Television Pioneer Art Linkletter
awarded the International Inspirational Corporate Citizen Award.
THE OOBR AWARDS
for excellence Off-Off-Broadway officially end the theatrical award season.
Held on Monday, June 24th, the Awards will be handed out at the Union Square
This year's 19 winners were chosen from the approximately 238 shows
reviewed by the oobr staff this past year.
This year, works by Ibsen, Ionesco, Moliere, O'Neill, Shakespeare, Strindberg and Wilder account more
than half of the winners
For a complete list of 2002 OOBR Award winners click here
Queen of Soul Aretha Franklin headlines the first Rochester International Jazz Festival.
Franklin will be the grand finale singer at the week long festival June 9. More than
50 jazz and contemporary music artists have been signed up, and the festival will have
performances ranging from formal concerts to free appearances at museums and grocery stores.
Also scheduled to appear are Dr. John, Sonny Rollins, Dianne Reeves, the Blue Brothers
Band, the Rippingtons and the Average White Band.
The 60-year-old Franklin, the first female performer inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall
of Fame, has won 15 Grammy Awards, the Grammy Legend Award and the Grammy Lifetime Achievement
Award. Her voice has been designated a natural resource of the state of Michigan.
WYATT EARP: A LIFE ON THE FRONTIER a one-man play written by Terry Earp
adventures and misadventures in the old West.
The play takes place in the mid-1920's as an elderly Wyatt Earp tells of his adventures and
misadventures during the fight for the American Frontier from Arizona to Alaska.
Lawman and gunfighter, Earp was one of the heroic figures of the American
The fourth of seven children, Wyatt Berry Stapp Earp was born in Monmouth, Ill., on Mar. 19, 1848. By
his late 20's he had been wagoner, stagecoach driver, hunter, and peace officer and had won
himself a reputation as a gambler and a gunfighter.
In October 1881 he took part in the famous shoot-out at the OK Corral in Tombstone in the Arizona
Territory. Earp and his two brothers, Morgan and Virgil, along with Wyatt's close friend
"Doc" Holliday, acting in the name of the law, met in a gun battle five men, members and
associates of the Clanton family, whom they had labeled outlaws. Three of the outlaws were
shot to death in the duel, which has been celebrated in several Hollywood films. Widely reported
at the time, the Earps came to symbolize the romantic violence associated with the Old
In about 1883 Wyatt left Arizona, having killed several well-known outlaws in gunfights to avenge the ambush slaying of his brother
Morgan. He finally settled in California where he spent his remaining years in a variety of
occupations, including saloonkeeper and rancher. He died in Los Angeles on Jan. 13, 1929.
This play stars namesake Wyatt Earp, who is a great nephew of the historical Earp. This
one-man play by Terry Earp (Mrs. Wyatt Earp) - an award-winning Arizona playwright -
was originally written for Hugh O'Brian the star of the 1950's American TV series The
Life and Legend of Wyatt Earp.
O'Brian starred on Broadway in Destry Rides Again, First Love, and in the
Broadway revival of Guys and Dolls. He also starred in the national company of
Cactus Flower, The Odd Couple, The Tender Trap, A Thousand Clowns, and
It was O'Brian playing the lead role in the
and Legend of
Earp, that catapulting O'Brian to stardom. The top-rated series aired on ABC
television from 1955-61.
This play had its world premier in Scottsdale, Arizona, in April of 1996. It has been
presented in Arizona, Colorado and California. The play also had a private performance in
Harrogate, England and later was part of the 1996 Edinburgh Fringe Festival in Scotland.
This production is currently at Cyrano's Playhouse in Anchorage, Alaska. The opening was June 7
with performances continuing through June 23.
STOMP once more banging its pots and cans, June 11-July
14, Shubert Theatre, Chicago, IL.
BALLET one of the leading Russian companies. With a large varied repertory,
featuring contemporary works as well as revivals of legendary classics and twentieth-century
classic ballets, they perform
in the Auditorium Theatre, Denver, Colorado June 12-16.
the three-time Tony
Award winning Cole Porter classic will be staged by the Ordway Center for the Performing Arts with Sandy
Duncan coming to Ordway Center for the first time ever, playing nightclub singer Reno Sweeney.
The madcap musical features all-time Porter favorites such as I Get a Kick Out of You, You're
the Top and Anything Goes. The fast-paced musical takes us to 1930s glamour,
trans-Atlantic crossings, shipboard romance, telling stories of lost love, mistaken identities, second-rate
gangsters and rekindled romances.
Along with Duncan, the Anything Goes cast includes Broadway star Jim Walton as Billy
Crocker, Michael Brindisi, Jay Russell, Shannon Warne, Tari Kelly, Richard Ooms, and Claudia
David Armstrong directs. Previewing Tuesday, June 11, opening Thursday, June 13, and playing through Sunday, June 30,
as part of the U.S. Bank Theater Season.
MR. GOLDWYN by Marsha
Lebby and John Lollos starring Alan King closes tonight after 18 previews and 91 performances at The
Promenade Theatre in NYC. The production will begin a U.S. tour in the fall. King returns to Las Vegas performing at Texas
Station on Sept. 27.
42nd STREET star
Christine Ebersole, who won a 2001 Tony Award for Best Actress in her role as Dorothy Brock,
leaving the show this evening, replaced by her standby, Beth Leavel, on June 11. The production is at The
Ford Center, NYC.
BROADWAY BY THE YEAR by
Scott Siegel ends its 2002 season June 10th with Tom Andersen, Brent Barrett, Liz Callaway, Richard Skipper
playing Carol Channing in the 1964 season, honoring Hello,
Dolly!, Steven Brinberg playing "Simply Barbara" in tribute to Funny
Girl, Sharon McKnight, Alex Korey, & Craig Rubano singing The Broadway
Musicals of 1964. Ross Patterson is the musical director for the
intimate evening, directed by Ray Roderick.
Monday at Town Hall, NYC.
AIDA performances in
Philadelphia, PA. June 11-July 7
SWEENEY TODD:THE DEMON BARBER OF FLEET
STREET is the first production in Connecticut Repertory
Theatre's 2002 Nutmeg Summer Series at the University of Connecticut in Storrs.
Gary English, artistic director, presents the Stephen Sondheim-Hugh Wheeler musical
about a barber who extracts odd revenge against exile by providing a pie shop with new ingredients
for its meat pies. The play opened Friday and runs through June 22.
BROADWAY UNDER THE STARS a 90-minute free concert in Manhattan's Bryant Park is sponsored by the
League of American Theatres and Producers and the tourism marketing outfit NYC & Company.
They'll present a unique mix of film, music, dance and theatre. The evening will blend a film
montage of clips take from movies shot in New York City with live performances of dance and
musical theatre. A full orchestra will provide accompaniment for scheduled performers Norbert
Leo Butz, Linda Eder, James Gandolfini, Savion Glover, Jane Krakowski, Lachanze,
Donna Murphy, John Pizzarelli, Jessica Molaskey, Lillias
White, and Karen Ziemba. Bryant Park, NYC Monday, June 10.
SOME LIKE IT HOT starring Las
Vegas resident Tony Curtis inaugurates the new Hobby Center for the Performing Arts in Houston as
part of the Theatre Under the Stars season. The press opening was last night. This is the first stop on a year
long, 50-city tour. If you'd like to get up close and personable with the blue eyed star try self
service gas stations. Curtis prefers the pump it yourself experience.
Curtis and Jack Lemmon originated the roles in the Billy Wilder film comedy, Some Like It
Hot. This is Curtis' musical stage debut, at the age of 77. In this production Curtis plays the Joe E. Brown
role of aging millionaire Osgood Fielding III.
The roles of Joe and Jerry are played by Timothy Gulan and Arthur Hanket, respectively. They
play the roles of Depression-era musicians who flee the Chicago mob in 1931 by disguising themselves as
women in an all-girl band. Curtis as Fielding falls in love with "Daphne" (Jerry in drag) when the band
books a gig in Miami. Joe (or Josie) has his eye on the comely blonde in the band, Sugar played by Jodi
The director-choreographer is Dan Siretta. The cast includes Lenora Nemetz, Gerry Vichi,
William Ryall, Scott Burrell, Bobby Clark, Timothy Joe Falter, Mark Adam, Sarah Anderson, Jacqueline Bayne,
Ashlee Fife, Brenda Hamilton, Pamela Jordan, Elise Molinelli, Heather Parcells, Elizabeth Polito, Marisa
Rozek, Karen Sieber, David Monzione, Derek Isetti, Ryan Migge, Gair Morris, Todd Bradley Smith and
Designers are James Leonard Joy (scenery), Suzy Benzinger (costumes), Ken Billington (lights).
Lynn Crigler is musical director. Diane Masters and Jeffrey Spolan are producing the tour.
DEATH IN VENICE a stage
adaptation of Nobel-prize winner Thomas Mann's classic novella, is receiving its
American premiere at the Manhattan Ensemble Theatre in New York City.
This production comes from
one of the most acclaimed theater companies in Great Britain-the Citizens' Theatre, Glasgow--and has
filled houses throughout Europe and won praise from critics.
The production follows an aristocratic German intellectual to Venice, where his secret
passions threaten to derail his ordinary life.
Directed by and starring Giles Havergal. For the Citizens' Theatre Sets and Costumes by
Philip Witcomb. Lights by Zerlina Hughes. Opened June 4 with performances through June 30.
HEMSLEY has been starring in Driving Miss Daisy at the Alabama
MAYA ANGELOU speaks
tomorrow, June 10, Bushnell Center for the Performing Arts, Conn. as part of the Unique Lives &
Experiences lecture series. Angelou is a poet, author, inauguration speaker and civil rights
activist who also has her own imprint of greeting cards with Hallmark.
ANNE MURRAY in the spot light Saturday and Sunday at the Crystal Grand Theatre
in Wisconsin Dells, WI.
USHER on stage tonight at the
TD Waterhouse Centre in Orlando, FL. On Thursday the show is at the PNC Baks Arts Center in Holmdel,
N.J. Friday finds the action at the Jones Beach Amphitheatre in Wantagh, NY. He closes out the week
Saturday at the Tweeter Center in Mansfield, MA.
TONY DANZA brings his delightful
personality and talent to Las Vegas opening Friday at the
Suncoast Hotel for a three night engagement.
MARTIN SHORT making the crowds
laugh Thursday in Verona, New York at Turning Stone Casino.
MARC ANTHONY Saturday at the
Rose Bowl in Pasadena,CA.
ANDREA BOCELLI June 13 at
Madison Square Garden in New York City. On Saturday he is center stage in Washington, D.C. at the MCI
NATALIE MERCHANT entertains
Tuesday in Orono, Maine at the Maine Center. On Thursday she is in Geneva, New York at the
Smith Opera House. On Friday the show moves to Buffalo, New York at the Shea's Performing
HARRY CONNICK, JR.
at the microphone tonight in Philadelphia, PA at the Mann Music Center.
Tomorrow the performance is in Newark, New Jersey at the New Jersey Performing Arts Center. On Thursday the show can
be enjoyed in Canandaigua, New York at the Finger Lakes Community College. On Friday Connick is
in Wallingford, CT at the Careerbuilder.com Oakdale Theatre. He closes out the week Saturday in Boston, Mass. at the FleetBoston
DEE DEE BRIDGEWATER in a two
nighter Friday and Saturday in Buffalo, New York at the Kleinhaus Music Hall.
CELINE DION Saturday at the Rose
Bowl in Pasadena, CA.
GOO GOO DOLLS June 11 in Atlanta,
Georgia at the Tabernacle. On Wednesday the group is in New Orleans, LA at the UNO
Lakefront Arena. Friday finds the gals in Orlando, Florida performing at Hard Rock Live. They close out the
week, Saturday, in Tampa, Florida at the Tampa Bay P.A.C.
ELVIS COSTELLO center stage
Wednesday in Toronto, Ontario at the Molson Amphitheatre. On Friday he is in the spotlight in Boston, Mass at
the Fleet Boston Pavilion. Saturday the show is in Wallingford, Conn at the Careerbuilder.com Oakdale
CAN YOUR LAWYER PASS A SANITY TEST? All of those lawyer
jokes may be going to waste. Your attorney may be so depressed the poor soul can't comprehend that you're in
a mocking mood. Michael Sweeney director of the Oregon lawyer assistance program has some
45 states have program providing intervention and mentoring for attorneys with
substance abuse and mental illness.
18 percent of lawyers in Arizona and Washington suffer from alcohol
addiction and 3 percent from drug addiction. This compares to a 10 percent addiction rate among the
26 percent of North Carolina lawyers are clinically depressed (compared to 3 percent to
9 percent of the general population) and 12 percent said they contemplated suicide at least once a month.
Lawyers are in the most depressed profession in the country, according to a study by Johns
Next Column: June 16, 2002
Copyright: June 9, 2002. All Rights Reserved. Reviews,
Interviews, Commentary, Photographs or Graphics from any Broadway To Vegas (TM) columns
may not be published, broadcast,
utilized as leads, or used in any manner without permission,
Link to Main Page
U.S. Postal Address: Post Office Box 60538, Las Vegas, NV 89160
CLICK HERE FOR COMMENT SECTION